Tartar is a block formed by mineralization of plaque in time (cover that forms on tooth surfaces and it is not removed due to poor brushing or its absence), with calcium salts in saliva.
AIt binds to the surface of the teeth, both supragingival and subgingival, but also in other hard areas such as dental crowns (even the ceramic ones), fillings, dental bridges, dental implants, dentures, orthodontic appliances. Keep in mind that: tartar represents a risk factor to the occurrence of periodontal disease!
How is scaling done?
Tartar is removed using a modern device based on ultrasounds, which has metal tips of different shapes and helps us breaking blocks of tartar, both supragingival and subgingival. The whole procedure is based on the vibration motions produced by the ultrasounds, that get in touch with the surface of tartar block. These vibrations make waves that cause tartar block to detach from surfaces, without damaging tooth structure or gums. The labor is painless and it is done in a very short time.
What happens if tartar builds up?
Accumulation of tartar causes gum inflammation (gingivitis), manifested by swelling, redness, discoloration and bleeding. . If tartar persists longer periods on teeth and especially in subgingival regions, not only gums are affected, but even the bone! This, in an attempt to protect itself from infection caused by bacteria withdraws leaving teeth without proper implantation. Therefore they will move increasingly hard and eventually would fall. This phenomenon is known as periodontal disease (so called periodontitis) and is one of the most disastrous effects of tartar.
Scaling is recommended every six months and at patients with dental implants every 4 months.